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bialalinia

Shadow Economies in Europe, China, India, Japan and the United States (1998/ 2000)

Country

Shadow Economy in % of GDP in 2000

Shadow Economy Participants in % of official Labour Force in 1998

Czech Republic

18%

n/a

Slovakia

18%

n/a

Hungary

24%

n/a

Poland

27%

n/a

Slovenia

27%

n/a

Latvia

29%

n/a

Lithuania

29%

n/a

Romania

33%

n/a

 

Moldova

45%

n/a

Russian Federation

46%

n/a

Ukraine

51%

n/a

 

United Kingdom

12%

n/a

Netherlands

13%

n/a

France

15%

6 - 12 %

Germany

16%

19 - 23 %

Finland

18%

n/a

Sweden

19%

20%

Belgium

22%

n/a

Spain

22%

11 - 32 %

Italy

27%

30 - 48 %

Greece

28%

n/a

 

United States

9%

n/a

Japan

11%

n/a

China

13%

n/a

India

23%

n/a

Source: Friedrich Fischer, CREMA

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